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Black Angus Heifer Brangus Heifer: Black Angus and Brahman
aka Black Angus
There are two types of Angus, Red and Black, and they are considered two different breeds in the United States. Black Angus is the most popular beef cattle used in the US. The breed was developed from cattle originating from Aberdeenshire and Angus counties in Scotland. The pedigrees of most Angus can be traced back to two animals, that were bred by Hugh Watson (the founder of the Angus breed), a bull named "Old Jock" and a cow named"Old Granny".
George Grant brought four Angus bulls to the Kansas in 1873 and they were shocking to see when most cattle brought to shows and sales were Longhorns or Shorthorns. The Angus differed because they are naturally hornless. While the first bulls weren't given too much regard, their offspring left a very favorable impression with cattlemen. After that, Angus were imported from Scotland so they could start breeding purebreds.
Characteristics of Angus
♦ genetically polled
♦ often crossed with larger, heavily muscled cattle
♦ popular for meat quality
♦ lack of horns
♦ maternal qualitites
Angus Associations (American and NC)
Simmentals originated in Simme Valley Switzerland and were brought to the United States in 1895. They popped up over the next couple of years in NJ, NY and Mexico but quickly faded away until 1967 when there was a resurrgence. The American Semmental Association was formed the next year in 1968. In Europe they are a dual purpose cattle for dairy and milk but in the US they are primarily used for beef. Simmentals provide more weaning gain (growth) and milk yield than any other breed.
Originally red and white spotted, Americans wanted a black simmental so they crossed the breed with Angus creating what is now known as Semi-Angus. Due to overbreeding many progressive breeders are trying to get back to the pure-bred simmental. At this time 7/8 simmental is considered to be a pure-bred. Cross-breeding with the angus for so many years led the black simmental to be catagorized as "Certified Angus Beef".
Characteristics of Simmental
♦ 7/8 considered pure-bred
♦ 50% simmental breed and high is required for registrations
♦ friendly, intelligent and docile
♦ colorings: red adn white spotted, pale yellow-brown, dark red, black
♦ homozygous polled and black
♦ excellent milking ability
American Simmental Association
Holstein Cattle is an American term used to identify the largest breed of milking cow in North America.
The cattle originated in Europe (known as Friesian) and were imported to America after the New World was "discovered" and settled (around 1621-1660). About 8,800 were imported but due to disease in Europe the importing stopped and breeding began here. In Northern Europe the breed is used for milking but in Southern Europe the breed is used for meat making it a dual-purpose cow.
Holstein Cattle is more rapidly becoming known as a dual purpose cow for small farms, here in America. Their lean meat is a great competitor for beef breeds that have a higher fat content because they provide excellent tender cuts of beef. They are not used for commerical meat purposes in the US because they are a bonier cow and they don't provide the same ratio of meat/pounds of cattle as some of the more popular breeds.
Characteristics of Holsteins
♦ big, lean, and black & white
♦ can give up to 10-14 gallons of milk per day
♦ gentle and friendly
♦ lowest butterfat percentage of any dairy cow
♦ there is a lot of beef on a holstein so males are excellent for beef